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Custom asset pipeline

Avo plays well with most Rails asset pipelines.

Asset pipelineAvo compatibility
importmap✅ Fully supported
Propshaft✅ Fully supported
Sprockets✅ Fully supported
Webpacker🛻 Only with Sprockets or Propshaft

There are two things we need to mention when communicating about assets.

  1. Avo's assets
  2. You custom assets

Avo's assets

We chose to impact your app, and your deploy processes as little as possible. That's why we bundle up Avo's assets when we publish on rubygems, so you don't have to do anything else when you deploy your app. Avo doesn't require a NodeJS, or any kind of any other special environment in your deploy process.

Under the hood Avo uses TailwindCSS 3.0 with the JIT engine and bundles the assets using jsbundling with esbuild.

Your custom assets

Avo makes it easy to use your own styles and javascript through your already set up asset pipeline. It just hooks on to it to inject the new assets to be used in Avo.

Use TailwindCSS utility classes

We use TailwindCSS 3.0 with the JIT engine to style Avo, so on release we only pack the used Tailwind classes in our final css file. That's why, when you want to style your custom content (tools, resource tools, fields, or ejected partials), you won't have access to all of Tailwind's utility classes. It's a performance optimization.

But there's an easy way to overcome that limitation. You can add your own TailwindCSS process to watch for your the utility classes you use.

bash
bin/rails generate avo:tailwindcss:install

That command will:

  • install tailwindcss-rails gem if you haven't installed it yet;
  • create a custom avo.tailwind.css file where you can further customize your Avo space;
  • generate or enhance your Procfile.dev with the required compile yarn avo:tailwindcss --watch command, as per default tailwindcss-rails practices;
  • add the resulting file in your _pre_head.html.erb file;
  • prompt you to add the script your package.json file. This is a manual step you need to do.

Now, instead of running bin/rails server, you can run that Procfile with bin/dev or foreman start -f Procfile.dev.

INFO

You mileage may vary when running these tasks depending with your setup. The gist is that you need to run yarn avo:tailwindcss on deploy0time to compile the css file and yarn avo:tailwindcss --watch to watch for changes in development.

Inside app/assets/stylesheets you'll have a new avo.tailwind.css file that's waiting for you to customize. The default tailwind.config.js file should have the proper paths set up for purging and should be ready to go.

css
@tailwind base;
@tailwind components;
@tailwind utilities;

/*

@layer components {
  .btn-primary {
    @apply py-2 px-4 bg-blue-200;
  }
}

*/

Add custom JS code and Stimulus controllers

There are more ways of dealing with JS assets, and Avo handles that well.

Use Importmap to add your assets

Importmap has become the default way of dealing with assets in Rails 7. For you to start using custom JS assets with Avo and importmap you should run this install command bin/rails generate avo:js:install. That will:

  • create your avo.custom.js file as your JS entrypoint;
  • add it to the app/views/avo/partials/_head.html.erb partial so Avo knows to load it;
  • pin it in your importmap.rb file so importmap-rails knows to pick it up.

Use js-bundling with esbuild

js-bundling gives you a bit more flexibility and power when it comes to assets. We use that under the hood and we'll use it to expose your custom JS assets.

When you install js-bundling with esbuild you get this npm script "build": esbuild app/javascript/*.* --bundle --sourcemap --outdir=app/assets/builds --public-path=assets. That script will take all your JS entrypoint files under app/javascript and bundle them under assets/builds.

bash
bin/rails generate avo:js:install --bundler esbuild

That command will:

  • eject the _head.html.erb file;
  • add the avo.custom.js asset to it;
  • create the avo.custom.js file under app/javascript which will be your entrypoint.

That will be picked up by the build script and create it's own assets/builds/avo.custom.js file that will, in turn, be picked up by sprockets or propshaft and loaded into your app.

Use js-bundling with rollup or webpack

Avo supports the other bundlers too but we just don't have a generator command to configure them for you. If you use the other bundlers and have configured them to use custom assets, then please open up a PR and help the community get started faster.

Manually add your CSS and JS assets

In order to manually add your assets you have to eject the _pre_head.html.erb partial (bin/rails generate avo:eject --partial :pre_head), create the asset files (examples below), and add the asset files from your pipeline to the _pre_head partial. Then, your asset pipeline will pick up those assets and use add them to your app.

WARNING

You should add your custom styles to _pre_head.html.erb, versus _head.html.erb to avoid overriding Avo's default styles. This

The order in which Avo loads the partials and asset files is this one:

  1. _pre_head.html.erb
  2. Avo's CSS and JS assets
  3. _head.html.erb

Avo and the asset pipeline

Sprockets and Propshaft

Create avo.custom.js and avo.custom.css inside app/assets/javascripts and app/assets/stylesheets with the desired scripts and styles. Then add them to Avo using the _pre_head.html.erb partial (rails generate avo:eject --partial :pre_head).

erb
# app/views/avo/partials/_pre_head.html.erb

<%= javascript_include_tag 'avo.custom', defer: true %>
<%= stylesheet_link_tag 'avo.custom', media: 'all' %>

WARNING

Please ensure that when using javascript_include_tag you add the defer: true option so the browser will use the same loading strategy as Avo's and the javascript files are loaded in the right order.

Webpacker

WARNING

We removed support for webpacker. In order to use Avo with your assets you must install Sprockets or Propshaft in order to serve assets like SVG, CSS, or JS files.

INFO

Instructions below are for Webpacker version 6. Version 5 has different paths (app/javascript/packs).

Create avo.custom.js and avo.custom.css inside app/packs/entrypoints with the desired scripts and styles. Then add them to Avo using the _pre_head.html.erb partial (rails generate avo:eject --partial :pre_head).

erb
# app/views/avo/partials/_pre_head.html.erb

<%= javascript_pack_tag 'avo.custom', defer: true %>
<%= stylesheet_pack_tag 'avo.custom', media: 'all' %>